Descriptive Text Materi dan Pembahasan Soal Bahasa Inggris SMP

unbkonline.kkaktrichannel ~ Materi dan Pembahasan Soal Descriptive Text Bahasa Inggris SMP. Berikut ini adalah Rangkuman atau Ringkasan Materi Ujian Nasional SMA Mata pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Materi Descriptive Text yang dapat dijadikan sebagai referensi belajar bagi siswa siswi khususnya kelas 9 untuk menghadapi UNBK tahun ini.

Descriptive Text Materi dan Pembahasan Soal Bahasa Inggris SMP


Descriptive text ialah teks yang berfungsi mendeskripsikan satu hal, benda, atau orang yang hanya ada satu di dunia (hal yang spesifik). Misalnya: my cat, my friend, Borobudur Temple, etc.(benda/ orang yang hanya ada satu di dunia)

A. Susunan Teks
• Identification: perkenalan topic
• Description: penggambaran topic. Ciri fisik, sifat, tingkah laku, dan lain-lain.

B. Ciri Kebahasaan
• Menggunakan present tense.
• Menggunakan kata sifat (adjective). Misalnya: handsome, pretty, kind, dan lain-lain.
• Menggunakan kata keterangan (adverb). Misalnya: extremely, totally, beautifully, dan lain-lain.

Example:
The National Monument (or Monument Nasional) is a 132 meters tower in the center of Merdeka Square, Central Jakarta. It symbolizes the fight for Indonesia’s independence. The monument consist of a 117,7 m obelisk on a 45 m square platform at a height of 17 m.
The towering monument symbolizes the philosophy of Lingga and Yoni. Lingga resembles rice pestle (alu) and Yoni resembles a mortar rice (lesung), two important items in Indonesian agricultural tradition. The construction began in 1961 under the direction of President Soekarno and the monument was opened to the public in 1975. It is topped by a flame covered with gold foil. The monument and museum is opened daily from 08.00 –15.00 every day throughout the week, except for the last Monday of the month the monument is closed

http://www.kursusmudahbahasainggris.com

C. Details
• Identification: paragraf 1 (memperkenalkan monas)
• Description: sisa paragraf yang ada dalam teks (ciri-ciri fisik)
• Present tense: is, symbolizes, consist, resembles, etc
• Adjective: towering, important
• Adverb: -

Pembahasan Soal Descriptive Text

1. Read carefully the description text below!
The Songkran festival is celebrated in Thailand as the traditional New Year’s Day. It is celebrated from 13 to 15 April. It coincides with the New Year of many calendars of South and Southeast Asian countries. It is believed to have been adapted from the Sankranti Hindu festival. It is now observed nationwide even in the far south. However, the most famous Songkran celebrations are still in the northern city of Chiang Mai, where it lasts for six days and even longer. It has also become a party for foreign and an additional reason for tourists to visit Thailand. The most obvious celebration of Songkran is the throwing of water to other people. Thais roam the streets with containers of water or water guns. In addition, many Thais will have small bowls of cheap beige coloured talc and mixed with water which is then smeared on the faces and bodies of random passersby as a blessing for the new year. City officials close off many sections of the street for the festival Besides the throwing of water, people celebrate Songkran by going to a wat (Buddhist monastery) to pray and give food to monks. They also cleanse Buddha images in the household shrines as well as Buddha images at monasteries by gently pouring water mixed with a Thai fragrance over them. It is believed that doing this will bring good luck and prosperity in the New Year. In many cities, such as Chiang Mai, the Buddha images from all of the city’s important monasteries are paraded through the streets so that people can toss water at them, ritually ‘bathing’ the images as the pass by.
The suitable title for the text above is ...
A. New year celebration
B. The Songkran Festival
C. Sankranti Hindu festival
D. Southeast Asia’s water festival
Jawaban: B
Pembahasan
Tentukan dulu jenis teks yang dimaksud. Dilihat sekilas, teks berbentuk descriptive. Dalam descriptive teks judul dapat dilihat dari kalimat pertamanya (apa yang diceritakan). Karena yang diceritakan dalam teks adalah Songkran Festival, jawaban yang benar adalah “The Songkran Festival”.

2. Read carefully the description text below!
Machu Picchu, Peru
Machu Picchu in Peru, which means ‘old peak’ is one of the most enigmatic ancient sites in the world. According to the legend, Machu Picchu was a sacret placed. The extraordinary city was created by Inca people. They erected many stones structured and turned the place into a work of art. Two thousand feet above the Lirubamba river, these ruins consist of baths, temples and about 150 houses, all very well preserved. These gray granite structures, some of which weigh more than 50 tons, are perfectly sculpted that they are nothing less than works of architectural genius. They were rediscovered by a Yale archeologist in 1911. The ethereal beauty, workmanship, and history of the
place attract millions of tourists each year.
What can we see in Machu Picchu in Peru?
A. Granite structure
B. Beautiful scenery
C. Inca people
D. Ancient statues
Jawaban: D
Pembahasan
Dari kalimat pertama paragraf pertama diketahui bahwa Machu Picchu itu kuno (ancient). Selain itu,
di kalimat terakhir paragraf pertama disebutkan bahwa terdapat banyak patung batu di sana (They
erected many stones structured ... ) Jadi, jawaban yang benar adalah “ancient statues”.

3. Read carefully the description text below!
Garuda Wisnu Kencana or GWK Culture Park is a tourist destination statue of Lord Vishnu. Located on Jl. Raya Uluwatu, Jimbaran Village, Badung Regency of Bali Province. It is just 25 minutes away
from Denpasar airport of Nusa Dua. Garuda Wisnu Kencana is a prestigious project built in Bali with a 150 – meter – tall statue that was planned to be the center of International events of performances, exhibitions, and others.
Where is the big statue located?
A. In Jimbaran Village.
B. In Nusa Dua district.
C. Near Denpasar airport.
D. In exhibition center.
Jawaban: A
Pembahasan
Dari kalimat pertama teks bisa diketahui bahwa GWK statue terletak di Jimbaran Village.

4. Read carefully the description text below!
An animal nursery is a kind of job. People who work as animal nursery workers work in zoos, kennels, animal shelters, and circuses. They are responsible for feeding, watering, cleaning, bathing and exercising animals. They care for animal’s health by disinfecting them and keeping their cage clean. They keep records of treatments that the animals have received from the veterinarian, an animal doctor.
Animal nursery workers have serious responsibilities and functions. They provide care for newborns and young animals, prepare their food, transport them to feeding areas, and deliver food and water to them. The food they prepare is different for each species of animals they care for. They fill nursing bottles which have been sterilized with the appropriate feeding formula. They also take care of orphaned animals. They observe newborn animals and check for signs of disease or abnormality. They may perform physical exam on the young animals occasionally, taking their temperatures, pulse rate and blood pressure. They are also in charge of cleaning and preparing comfortable sleeping areas for animals, removing waste, cleaning and disinfecting them. They also make sure all cages and enclosures are safe
What is the text about?
A. The animals being cared by animal nursery workers.
B. The job description of animal nursery workers.
C. A dangerous job of animal nursery workers.
D. The work place of animal nursery workers.
Jawaban: B
Pembahasan
Dilihat sekilas, teks bersifat deskriptif. Dalam teks deskriptif inti dari teks ada di kalimat pertama. Karena kalimat pertama tertulis ‘An animal nursery is a kind of job’ berarti isi dari teks mendeskripsikan animal nursery sebagai suatu pekerjaan, sehingga bisa disimpulkan bahwa jawaban yang tepat adalah “The job description of animal nursery workers.”

5. Read carefully the description text below!
The Yogya Kembali Monument is located in Yogyakarta. It is three kilometres north of Yogya City centre in the Jongkang village of the Sleman Regency. The Monument was inaugurated on June 29th, 1985 to commemorate the historic Indonesian struggle for independence. Yogya Kembali means Yogya Returns, as a reminder of the returning of the Indonesian Republic Government.
There are two sections of the Yogya Kembali Monument. The first section of the Cureng Aircraft is on the eastern gate, while the other section of Guntai Aircraft stands closer to the western entrance of the monument. The monument has two wheeled- machine guns which can be seen from a podium towards the eastern and the western side. In the southern end of the yard, there is a wall engraved with 420 names of freedom fighters who lost their lives during a great struggle, from December 19th , 1948 to June 29th, 1949. A poem by Chairil Anwar, titled Karawang Bekasi, is written on one sie of the wall dedicated to these unknown patriots. The Yogya Kembali Monument is surrounded by fish ponds. It is divided into four alleys which lead to the main building. The main building consist of different floors displaying a wide range of collection of clothes and weapons.
What is the topic of the text above?
A. Yogyakarta.
B. The Guntai Aircraft.
C. The Yogya Kembali Monument.
D. The History of Indonesian struggle.
Jawaban: C
Pembahasan
Topik pasti mengandung kata yang paling sering diulang di dalam sebuah teks. Dalam teks ini, yang paling sering keluar adalah The Yogya Kembali monument. Jadi, jawaban yang benar adalah “The
Yogya Kembali Monument”.

6. From the text above we can conclude that ...
A. The collection during and after the war is displayed outside the building.
B. The Yogya Kembali Monument is surrounded by fish ponds.
C. Dioramas can be seen is one of the four alleys.
D. The main building has only one floor
Jawaban: B
Pembahasan
Untuk menemukan jawaban dari soal ini, kita harus mencocokkan pilihan jawaban dengan kalimat-kalimat yang ada dalam teks. Untuk mempercepat pencarian, carilah kalimat dalam teks yang mempunyai subjek atau objek yang sama dengan pilihan jawaban. Dari kalimat ‘The Yogya Kembali Monument is surrounded by fish ponds.’ Dapat kita simpulkan bahwa jawaban yang benar adalah “The Yogya Kembali Monument is surrounded by fish ponds.”

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